Coffee Enterprises Featured on NPR

For a product that can’t be commercially grown here, coffee is a growing industry in the Green Mountain State. Coffee roasters are proliferating and we wondered why, and what, makes coffee ‘local.’

The guys who do know what’s in the bag are working in a luxe, waterfront facility in Burlington’s South End called Coffee Enterprises. It’s a coffee company that does make coffee (though they do provide coffee extracts to Ben and Jerry’s, among many other major companies). This outfit specialized in testing coffee – a very scientific-looking process that involves lab coats, timers, clipboards and some very funny sounds:  sniffing, slurping and spitting.  One tester was overheard describing a bean as having watermelon flavors, another saying a blend is “very sweet, has a nice fruitiness, the acidity and body were balanced.”

The company is run by Dan Cox, who formerly helped build Green Mountain Coffee Roasters into the giant it is today, partly by trading on Vermont’s image. Cox says specialty coffee came in the heels of specialty foods.  “That whole emerging foods industry that started with Green Mountain Coffee, Ben and Jerry’s, Cabot Cheese, Rhino Foods, Lake Champlain Chocolates, Magic Hat Brewery we’re all in the same class together.  We all grew up together,” Cox explains.

While he says Vermont has many fine roasters, Cox says it doesn’t really matter where coffee is roasted. “I don’t like to harp on the Vermont mystique that we do things better up here. I don’t know if that’s true.  It’s hand crafted? It’s all hand-crafted. All coffee is hand-picked. Give me a break. Mountain grown?  It’s all Mountain grown. Cut it out,” Cox says.

To listen to the entire story, click on the link: http://digital.vpr.net/post/what-makes-coffee-local

 

Spencer Turer to Instruct SCAA educational classes at the International Coffee & Tea Festival in Dubai, UAE

www.coffeeteafest.com

The International Coffee & Tea Festival is the one-stop event showcasing all facets of coffee, tea, bar and café products, equipment and services, presenting a focused, industry-recognized platform in the Middle East. The Middle East’s flourishing coffee and tea market offers an ideally conducive environment for cafés and restaurants and continues to grow exponentially. Over the last four years since its inception, the International Coffee & Tea Festival has proven instrumental to the development of the industry, providing professionals and coffee/tea businesses the exposure to promote their products, launch new concepts and seek out new business channels.

Covering topics within Coffee Grading & Evaluation to Coffee preparation, the 2013 workshops will include techniques in coffee grading and in craft roasting. These workshops are designed for beginners, intermediate as well as advanced level professionals who are serious about progressing within the industry and striving to push the limits towards extraordinary results. All workshops come with award certificates and candidates learn from the very best instructors who are certified professionals. The right blend of coffee science, hands-on training and qualified instructors put these workshops on par with the best learning options available anywhere in the world.

To ensure consistency in terms of quality and delivery of the end product, training is an essential part of any Coffee Business. The hands-on training programme is certified by the Specialty Coffee Association of America, the world’s largest trade association for specialty coffee, and administered by the best in the industry who will be at hand to impart the tricks of the trade and share their wealth of experience with cafe enthusiasts, amateurs and budding professionals, to make them a stronger, more result-driven resource for any business.

Coffee Quality for Profitabilty by Spencer Turer

Coffee Quality 1 Coffee Quality 2

Coffee Analysts – Certified Teaching Laboratory

Lab Cert

Scott Kelly Studies Laboratory Operations at Coffee Analysts

Scott Kelly, a visiting barista, musician, and coffee professional from Sydney Australia, is participating in a 12-month work and travel program organized by CIEE (Council on International Educational Exchange) exploring the coffee industry in the United States. Before he joined our team at Coffee Analysts for a three day internship, Scott worked at LAMILL Coffee, a roaster/retailer in California who is sponsoring the educational program.

Scott Kelly“During my short stay at Coffee Analysts I learned about the sensory and physical analysis of both roasted and green coffee. It was interesting to see how a professional lab works and the efficiency which the staff has developed in their work. My time at the lab has given me an insight into how other parts of the coffee industry works outside of the cafe environment. I’d like to thank all the staff at the lab for their hospitality while I was there.” -Scott Kelly.

We enjoyed working with Scott and learning more about the Australian coffee industry, and wish him the best of luck for future success in the coffee industry!

David Morrill Earns Q Grader License

060813-David-Morrill-Q-Certificate

We are proud to announce that David Morrill, Sensory Specialist and Senior Coffee Technologist has earned his Q Grader license. This certificate represents hours of training, dedication, and expertise in sensory analysis in coffee testing.

Congratulations, David on this achievement and milestone!

Vincent Caloiero Earns Q Grader License

Q Certificiation

Vincent Caloiero, Coffee Analysts’ Coffee Technologist and Sensory Specialist, has earned his Q Grader license. This certificate represents hours of training, dedication, and expertise in sensory analysis in coffee testing. We are proud of Vincent’s achievement and congratulate him on this milestone.

A Rainbow of Choices: Coffee Analysts goes to Guatemala

After making it through another brutal New England winter, we decided to it was time to head to origin: this time, to Guatemala. Working closely with Anacafe, the Guatemalan National Coffee Association, we studied coffee quality throughout the country, and learned first hand about the destructive nature of leaf rust (hemileia vastatrix.)

Upon arrival we began working in Anacafe’s labs, comparing operating procedures for green and roasted coffee to ensure consistency and accuracy of methods in our respective labs.  Next, we completed cuppings that explored the different quality designations found in Guatemala (Prime, Extra Prime, Semi Hard, Hard, and Strictly Hard Bean); also on the table was a natural coffee and Robusta, two types that are very limited in Guatemala.  Subsequent cuppings compared the eight distinct regions of coffee, which include designations based on cup profile, climate, soil, and altitude.  Not surprisingly, there are pretty clear distinctions in the cup!  We really enjoyed the Acetenango, and noticed an unusually unique profile in the Rainforest Coban.

Our travels outside the Anacafe labs took us to the growing regions of Antigue and Atitlan, where we visited farms to learn about procedures for processing coffee cherries, and ventured into the fields to gain first-hand knowledge of the detrimental effects of leaf rust.  In Antigue we visited Las Salinas, San Rafael Urias and Finca Retana y Anexos.  Each farm represented the best of what Guatemala has to offer; shade-grown coffees, high elevations, and sustainable farming practices.  Isidro Valdes, owner of San Rafael Urias, personally showed us around the farm.  At Finca Retana, owner Fernando Cofino showed us their worm farm where coffee pulp is processed into rich compost that can be spread back on the fields.  In Atitlan we visited Coop San Miguel, where numerous farmers cultivate micro-lots of coffee plants and share facilities for processing and distribution of the green coffee.  Co-op manager Servando Santos Chumil gave us a tour of the wet mills and drying patios. We also stopped by Chacaya, where farm manager Mario Cabrera took time out to show us around.  Our last stop in Atitlan was at Granos del Sur.  Here they purchase coffee cherry from local farmers and process it through their wet mill.  They also had a dry mill for processing and sorting coffee for shipment.

The drive back to Guatemala City took us through farm land where rubber tree farms and sugar fields abound.  As it happened, the National Barista competition was happening at the Fontabella, and we made a quick stop to take it in. It was the perfect way to end our action-and information-packed trip to Guatemala.Coffee TraysLeaf rustVC Cupping Visiting the farm

Supermarket Medium-Roast Coffees

Cook’s Illustrated Magazine recently conducted an analysis comparing and contrasting several Supermarket Medium-Roast Coffees.  In the same issue they also evaluated consumer filter drip coffee makers.  Do you agree with their conclusions? http://tinyurl.com/bfndzte

 

 

 

Coffee Analysts in Costa Rica, Nov 2012

Spencer Turer, the Director of Coffee Operations at Coffee Analysts, traveled to Costa Rica in early November 2012 to attend the Sintercafe International Coffee Conference and tour coffee farms.

The Sintercafe trip started in San Jose, Costa Rica with over 325 attendees from 23 nations.  While attending the event, Spencer met with coffee producers, traders and roasters from around the word discussing coffee quality and expectations for the upcoming harvest.   The conference presentations included topics such as:

  • Global coffee supply issues – David Neumann, Neumann Kaffee Gruppe
  • Coffee in Ethiopia – Majka Burhardt
  • Costa Rico Coffee Farming Issue  – Luis Eduardo Campos, Café Altura de San Ramon Especial
  • Brazilian Coffee Situation – Carlos Brando, P&A International Marketing
  • Colombia Coffee Issues – Juan Esteban Orduz, Colombian Coffee Federations
  • The Future of Specialty Coffee -Ric Rhinehart, Specialty Coffee Association of America
  • The ICE Futures market, including financial tools for hedging -Albert Scalla, INTL FCStone

Michela Stama from Lavazza and Doug Welsh from Peet’s presented company profiles, and Miguel Zamore from FairTrade USA conducted a seminar on their current activities and programs for farmers and cooperatives.

While attending seminars and business meetings regarding the global coffee industry is exciting and rewarding, the most fun was had touring Hacienda LaMinita in the Tarrazu valley.  The area where the farm is located is called Los Santos with elevations between 3,750 and 5,000 ft.  The plantation has been owned by the McAlpin family since 1967 and has been developed and maintained to produce top quality coffee that is in demand by specialty and premium coffee buyers.  Spencer toured the coffee farm, nursery and milling operations with Mr. Sergio Cruz, the Director of Quality Assurance and Alberto Ponce from Cadexsa in Honduras.  During the tour they concentrated on inspection of coffee cherry development and the health of the coffee trees.

SCAA Instructor Development Program

DECEMBER 13, 2012

8:30am – 5:00pm

LOCATION
32 Lakeside Avenue
Burlington, VT 05401

DATE & TIME
December 13, 2012 | 8:30am – 5:00pm

PRICING (per person)
SCAA Member price: $80.00
RG/BGA Member price: $120.00
Non Member price: $160.00

FOR REGISTRATION PLEASE CONTACT THE SCAA

The SCAA Instructor Development Program is one of our most popular professional development programs. Specialty Coffee Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) can advance their training and education skills through workshops on adult learning principles in the workplace, instructional design (based on the ADDIE model developed by the American Society for Training & Development), testing, evaluation and class management. Upon completion of the one-day program, students earn the SCAA Lead Instructor Credential and are eligible to volunteer as an Instructor for SCAA. Many students enthusiastically report an increase in quality and delivery of their training and instructional design in their own companies after completing the IDP. This course is particularly beneficial for the coffee expert who trains others, but has no formal coursework in training, adult education, or organizational learning.
This course is a pre-requisite for future advanced IDPs.

1.  Recognizing education and training as an element of organizational success;
• Orientation to the SCAA’s Professional Development department
• Incorporating your company’s mission, vision and strategic goals into your training initiatives
• Instructor and trainer competencies for the SCAA and at work

2.  Applying adult learning principles;
• Recognize four key adult learning principles;
• Independence
• Preparedness
• Experience
• Application
• Grasp basics of adult learning theory and begin translating theory into practice
• Identify characteristics of adult learners and take them into consideration when conducting classes
• Recognize how adult learners process information, and strategize class design

3.  Setting clear, measurable skill and knowledge objectives.

4.  Designing instruction using the ADDIE model of the American Society for Training and    Development.

5.  Exhibiting professional presentation skills.

6.  Evaluating learner performance and leveraging learning back at work.

The course is taught by the SCAA Education Manager, Ildi Revi, M.Ad.Ed., CPT. Ildi has designed and conducted educator training for over 15 years for companies, educational institutions, government projects and NGO’s. She works with all the subject matter experts at SCAA to design, develop and deliver classes to our members.

Turer's Take: NACS

Spencer Turer, Director of Coffee Operations, attended the recent NACS Show (National Association of Convenience Stores) held in Las Vegas, Nevada.  While at the show, Spencer met with many of our clients from the convenience retailer channel of trade, and had the opportunity to talk with other retailers about their hot beverage programs.

“Attention to coffee quality and improved brewing technology was the primary focus of this year’s show,” stated Turer.  Many of the national coffee roasters were demonstrating their quality capabilities by featuring singe-origin coffee, exotics, and even certified coffee, illustrating their commitment to social and environmental responsibility. Equipment manufacturers were demonstrating the newest technology for filter drip brewing and serving to maintain coffee quality attributes.  Espresso machines, both super-automatic one-step and two-step models, were prominently displayed, demonstrating to convenience retailers that freshly prepared espresso-based beverages are able to be included in anyone’s coffee program.

From branded coffee to private-label programs, and from commercial quality to gourmet quality, the overall focus at the NACS Show was to keep the hot coffee customer in their stores by delivering a great tasting cup of coffee to the consumer.

Coffee Analysts is recognized as the leader in coffee testing services to food service brands and convenience retailers, and is providing comprehensive quality support to many convenience retailers to help them achieve their sales and profit goals.

Spencer Turer Earns Q-Grader License

Spencer Turer earns Q-Grader License

We are please to announce that Director of Coffee Operations Spencer Turer is now a Licensed Q-Grader. An article from CoffeeTalk describes what it means to be a Q-Grader:

The Q-Grader pro­gram is designed to give a com­mon lan­guage to describe qual­ity in cof­fee and is used from the farmer to the con­sumer. It quan­ti­fies cof­fee attrib­utes and gets all par­tic­i­pants to iden­tify taste char­ac­ter­is­tics in the same way. The true pur­pose there­fore is to be able to com­mu­ni­cate qual­ity up and down the sup­ply chain and raise the over­all qual­ity of cof­fee in the process.

Jeremy Raths of The Roastery in Minneapolis, and a Q-Grader Instructor, describes the Q-Certification of cof­fee this way, “For the cof­fee indus­try it is the only cer­ti­fication based on Quality. It is totally blind, inde­pen­dent and adher­ing to a strict pro­to­col. It is all about the cof­fee. No guilt, no shame, just cof­fee qual­ity. It is a way that the whole chain can objec­tively look at a cof­fee using quantification.”

Q-Graders must pass a rigorous five-day exam to earn their certification, comprising of 22 sections on coffee-related subjects, such as green grading, roast identification, coffee cupping, sensory skills and sensory triangulation. There are currently over 1,000 Licensed Q Graders worldwide.

Coffee Analysts benefits by having two licensed Q Grader on staff.  Both Coffee Analysts owner Dan Cox and Spencer Turer provide leadership to sensorial evaluations ensuring SCAA and Q standards are followed for coffee evaluations, and provide training to staff members as well as insuring proper calibration amongst sensory panelists.

“We are proud of Spencer earning his Q-Grader License,” remarked Cox. “It’s a rigorous and world-renowned program, and Coffee Analysts will benefit greatly from having another Q-Grader on our team.”

Congratulations, Spencer!

Spencer Turer Quoted in MSNBC Piece

Spencer giving presentationCoffee Analysts’ own Spencer Turer was quoted earlier this week in an MSNBC article about coffee and its effects on living a long life.

In her piece, author JoNel Aleccia cites recent results from the largest-ever analysis of the link between coffee consumption and mortality that coffee consumption may lead to a living a longer life. The research, which was recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine, found that during a 14-year study period “men who drank at least six cups of coffee a day had a 10 percent lower chance of dying during the 14-year study period than those who drank none. For women, the risk was 15 percent lower.”

This is where Spencer came in:

Reassuring, indeed, for hard-core coffee drinkers like Spencer Turer, who guzzles four to six cups of coffee every day for personal consumption — and sips between 75 and 300 cups more as part of his job as a professional coffee taster.

“It’s good news for all coffee drinkers because we can feel really good about the decisions we’re making,” said Turer, director of coffee operations for the firm Coffee Analysts, which provides unbiased scientific review of coffee products. “People concerned about the health effects may choose to drink more coffee.”

Nice! Click here to read the full article.

Since MSNBC ran this post, a few other news outlets picked up the piece and quoted Spencer:

http://www.ryanmews.com/tag/coffee-analysts/
http://www.kcentv.com/story/18496649/coffee-lovers-less-likely-to-die-study-finds
http://www.counselheal.com/articles/1831/20120517/regular-coffee-drinkers-less-die-early.htm

Fresh Fruit Tart and Coffee Pairing

CLASSIC FRESH FRUIT TART

Orange sweet pastry shell, traditional vanilla pastry cream – milk, eggs, sugar, bourbon vanilla beans and a small amount of cornstarch. Topped with fresh berries and kiwi, finished with Grand Marnier infused glaze.

COFFEE

City-roast coffee (48-50 Agtron) to complement the dessert of super-sweet characters, medium acidity, and slight nuttiness: Brasil NY2 Strictly-soft, fine cup 100% Cerrado with sweet, creamy nutty characters and soft, mild finish will allow the fruit characters of the tart to dominate, or Costa Rica Strictly Hard Bean European Preparation Honeyed, or El Salvador Strictly High Grown Honeyed coffees, both will present a syrupy, floral and slightly wild sweetness, with rich-creamy body and bright, crisp acidity.  The coffee character will compliment the creamy custard and ripe fruit characters to make a harmonious pairing.

A Medium roasted Fair Trade Organic coffee has sweet aroma, winy-orange/apricot acidity, and medium body with milk chocolate, toasted nuts, and light caramel smooth finish.  The sweetness of the fresh fruit in the tart will draw out the floral-fruity sweetness of the coffee, without overpowering the character or intensity.

WINE / SPIRITS

Crisp, clean sweet wine to compliment the fruit acidity, and balance the cream and pastry.

  • Ice Wine – dessert wine produced from grapes that have been frozen while still on the vine, the water is dissolved and the sugars are concentrated. – Pure, fresh, sweet and nicely acidic characters would lift the fruit flavors and compliments the pastry cream.
  • Late Harvest Riesling – sweet, aromatic German dessert wine
  • Sauternes – French sweet wine of the Graves section in Bordeaux – Both LH Riesling and Sauternes are fairly complex wines with typical floral aroma, fresh/stone fruit characters, honey, apricots and peaches, may be spicy and mineral-like with underlying sweetness and crisp acidity.
  • Marenco Bracchetto d’Aqcui “Pineto”  - Dessert wine from Piedmont, Italy from 100% Brachetto grapes – This is a softly sparkling dessert red wine that adds an elegant sweet-tart balance of cherry and berry fruit with medium acidity.

Kentucky Bourbon Pie and Coffee Pairing

From Flickr: Oceana Grill New Orleans

From Flickr: Oceana Grill New Orleans

KENTUCKY BOURBON PECAN PIE

Classic ingredients: eggs, sugar, dark corn syrup, butter, pecans and Jim Beam Kentucky bourbon. Coffee cuts the sweetness of this dessert and pairs well with the buttery caramel pecan filling. The Pastry Chef makes the pie dough using bourbon in the dough, to add flavor and reduce the development of gluten which toughens the pastry. The salted caramel sauce mirrors the flavors of the pie.

COFFEE

Full-city roast coffee (Agtron 44-46) with acidity and fruity/floral to contrast the rich creamy dessert: Ethiopia Yirgacheffe (bright, citric and floral with clean lingering finish) or Guatemala Antigua Strictly Hard Bean, European Preparation, Fancy (winy acidity, tart-sweetness, with rich body and spicy finish) will provide enough contrast to the sticky sweetness of the Pecan Pie without overpowering the toasted nutty characters.

The complex flavors of this dessert and heavy sweetness require an intense coffee to pair.  Slightly similar with enough contradicting characters help keep each item separate on ones palette: sweet, clean coffee with low acidity, dark chocolate and molasses characters, hint of sweet ripe berry, medium to full body, with a toasty, dark caramel lingering finish.

WINE / SPIRITS

  • Paired with classic, sweet dessert wine, slightly sweeter then the dessert.
  • Malmsey or Bual Madeira – sweetest 2 of the 4 major Madeira grape varieties. Portuguese wine fortified with grape spirits.
  • Oloroso Sherry – “Scented” sherry. Aged to produce a smoother and sweeter wine.
  • PX Sherry – (Pedro Jimenez) a white grape from Spain producing an intensely sweet, dark, dessert wine.
  • Bual Madeira and Oloroso Sherry both have the nuttiness to compliment the pecans and the acidity to balance the sweetness of the sugar.  The Malmsey and PX are very rich and dark, with dried fruit flavors which would enhance the chocolate.
  • High quality Madeira will work very well, exhibiting toffee, molasses, pecan and nut flavors, with good acidity.

Coffee Analysts at SCAA

Spencer giving presentation

Look for Spencer at SCAA

The SCAA Event is almost here, and Coffee Analysts will be there.

If you’re in Portland, look for Spencer Turer, Director of Coffee Operations, as a Station Instructor for the following classes:

  • GE201 The SCAA Cupping Form and Peer Calibration
  • GE202 Comparative Cupping
  • GE255 Organic Acids and the Chemistry of Coffee

Spencer will also be a judge for the “Best New Products – Coffee or Tea Preparation and Servicing Equipment (Consumer).”

Vincent Caloiero, Coffee Analysts Coffee Technologist, will also be attending the conferences as a porter at the Roasters Guild Coffee of the Year Competition.

Devil's Food Cake and Coffee Pairing

DEVIL’S FOOD CAKE

Ingredients in tested Devil’s Food Cake: Panama Volcan Beru Coffee, buttermilk, Cocao Barry Extra Brut (100% cocoa, 24% cocoa butter) dark cocoa powder, sugar, cake flour. The cake is finished with Italian butter cream infused with the same coffee and Crème Anglaise made with the Panama Volcan Beru coffee as well. The cake on its own demonstrates how well chocolate and coffee pair.

COFFEE

Vienna Roast coffee (Agtron 40-42) with big, bold coffee flavor with low-winy acidity, super-rich body, chocolate and dark caramel notes, and red berry sweetness will compliment nicely with Devil’s Food Cake intense chocolate richness. Sumatra Mandheling or Lintong, Grade 1 Double-Pick (berry, rich, sweet, slightly earthy) or 100% Colombia from Bucaramanga region (rich, sweet, winy body, clean, floral with molasses finish)

The richness of deep chocolate flavors in this dessert will pair well with a complimentary coffee of similar character.  The coffee has medium citric acidity, medium to rich body, slight herbal, cedar, and chocolate characters, with dry cocoa, molasses finish.

WINE / SPIRITS

Chocolate is tricky, the dessert wine should be at least as sweet as the cake, or sweeter.

  • Banyuls  – an appellation for the unique sweet wines made in an eastern corner of France near its border with Spain. These wines are produced from about 2500 acres (1000ha) of sun-baked, terraced vineyards looking out over the western Mediterranean – Classic pairing, lush rich, full bodied dessert wine to stand up to the cake powerful richness, with plenty of caramel, cherry, chocolate, coffee, nut, and dried fruit characters.
  • Port (LBV: Late Bottle Vintage, Tawny) – Portuguese fortified wine. LBV aged in the barrel for 4 to 6 years and ready to drink when released. Tawny Port is wood aged and exposed to gradual oxidation and evaporation – LBV Port will compliment well with chocolate, sweet and fruity characters, while the Tawny Port will be nutty
  • Avery Russian Imperial Stout “The Czar” – Yes, Beer! Avery Brewing Company in Boulder Colorado – Inky black color and thick rich brew.  Hallertau hops make the beer spicy and floral, with malty favors of toffee, dark coffee, molasses, currants, and a hint of anise.

Pairing Coffee and Dessert

Spencer giving presentationPairing and Food – Spencer Turer, Director of Coffee Operations at Coffee Analysts, presented “Pairing Coffee & Dessert” business luncheon at the recent National Coffee Association annual convention held in Charleston, South Carolina.

The presentation detailed the sensory attributes, both aromatic and flavor, used to compare desserts and coffee to better understand complimentary and contradictory attributes which will affect the guest experiences.

Today wine menus are more than red or white; beer selections are more than just light and dark; and even soda selections are more than regular and diet.

So, why is food service still offering just regular and decaf?

The coffee consumer is more knowledgeable and sophisticated than ever before, and with the right time and attention paid to the coffee menus as restaurants, cafes, and food service establishments, pairing the right coffee with desserts or other food items will enhance  the guests’ dining experience.

Coffee professional participated in a pairing exercise with desserts prepared exclusively for the event by Charleston Place Executive Pastry Chef Christopher Ryan and specialty coffees courtesy of H.C. Valentine coffee company.

We will post coffee / dessert pairings for some popular desserts. Stay tuned!

Coffee Analysts Director Receives SCAA Lead Instructor Credentials

Spencer during a cupping at Coffee Analysts

Spencer during a cupping at Coffee Analysts

Coffee Analysts Director of Coffee Operations Spencer Turer successfully completed the Specialty Coffee Association of America’s Instructor Development Program in Portland, OR.  This dynamic and extensive training program is for Coffee Subject Matter Experts to learn about applied adult learning concepts and instructional design to become a certified SCAA Lead Instructor.

Spencer Turer is a SCAA Subject Matter Expert in coffee quality, cupping/tasting, and green coffee trading.  At the upcoming SCAA Event, an annual conference and exposition in April, Spencer will be a station instructor at GE255 Organic Acids and Chemistry of Coffee, GE202 Comparative Cupping, and GE201 The SCAA Cupping Form & Peer Calibration.